Is the spiny cabezon fish giving you a hard time as an angler? Before you can successfully catch this ‘thorny’ fish, you need to know it inside and out.
The cabezon fish is the only member of its genus. It’s a large species of the sculpin which is native to the Pacific coast of North America. Also known as the tongue-in-cheek ‘mother in law fish’ because of its loud mouth and constant croaking.
This fish is scale-less its name literally translates to ‘scorpion fish.’
Like other sculpins, the cabezon has a wide body that tapers to a slender and compressed tail. It has bony supports under the eye which connects bone with the front part of the gill cover.
A pair of longer flaps is located right behind the eyes and larger species have 11 spines on the dorsal fin. The mouth of this fish is quite broad and is filled with several small teeth. Unfortunately, the Cachorrito cabezon is endangered due to overfishing down in Mexico.
|Scientific Name:||Scorpaenichthys marmoratus|
|Common Name(s):||Cabezon, Scorpion-fish, mother-in-law fish, Cabazon fish (misspelled), Sculpin|
|Characteristics||A wide body that tapers to a slender and compressed tail. Can be either scale-less or have plate-like scales depending on species.|
|Depth Range||0 to 200 meters|
|Locations||Native to the Pacific coast of North America|
|Catch & Size Limits||15-inch minimum; 3 fish per bag|
|Largest Recorded||25 pounds and 39 inches in length|
|Status||No special status|
How to Catch Cabezon
Cabezon usually frequents shallow and rocky areas in the water such as intertidal pools, around jetties, rocky reefs, kelp beds along with an area that has a lot of algae growth. Most tend to just sit rather than swim in the water right on top of submerged rock ledges. Most of the ones you catch from off a pier will be fairly small in size but you can also get lucky enough to catch large 12-pound ones.
To be prepared for either, use a medium sized cabezon tackle with line testing that can withstand about 15 pounds.
Best Cabezon Bait
The best cabezon bait you can use include:
- small crabs
This fish will try and take a bite from anything that looks like food.
Sculpin Bait and Diet
Their normal diet includes:
- small lobsters
- small fish
The good news is that even though they prefer to hide in the shallows and rarely swim out of cover, if you can find one, you can find more. Plus, the fish is anything but hook shy. If you are using shore crab as bait, insert the book at the rear by pushing it up through it. The fish will go for the bait and take it whole in its mouth which will effectively hook it.
- Use a poke pole when you are fishing for cabezon around jetties. This can be a long bamboo pole about 10 to 12 feet long which is baited with a large shore crab. Poke the crab into a crevice where you think the fish is and when it takes it, set the hook by yanking hard to pull it out quickly.
- Even though cabezon is a sedentary fish, it attacks bait aggressively so don’t hesitate to use lead-head jigs and hard baits when you are fishing at the bottom.
When to Catch Cabezon Fish
This bottom dweller fish is slow to grow even though it can be caught year round. It usually spawns during the winter and fall months but most fisheries discourage fishing during those times so that the fish can be allowed to grow large enough to be a hefty catch.
Plus, anglers who fish from boats have far greater chances of catching more carbezon than ones that fish from piers or from the shore.
The opposite can be the case when the fish migrates to shallow water to spawn. Whatever condition or time of year you fish for this sculpin, you can use a conventional tackle or if you prefer the rocky shore, use the aforementioned poke pole.
Spearfishing for Cabezon Fish
Since cabezon are bottom-dwelling fish that prefer to hide between rocks and in sandy pits, you should use a pole spear to snare them. These are perfect for use in shallow water and if you don’t want to dive too deep for the fish. Make sure that you stalk the fish calmly with gentle movements so that it doesn’t get spooked and swim off to another hiding hole.
You basically have to pull yourself over rocks and stones using your free hand. Use freediving fins for steering purposes only and stop occasionally when you find appropriate cover. If it notices you, the fish may head towards the open sea so make sure your polespear is positioned accordingly.
How to Cook Cabezon Fish
Sculpins are a delicious fish. They can be a little weird at first to clean and can be dangerous if you’re not careful with their spines.
How to Clean Cabezon
- Lay the cabezon on its side and use a sharp fillet knife to make a 45 degree cut from behind the head where the meat is and right down past the fins to the belly. Make sure you are outside the rib section.
- Remove the guts and gills.
- Cut behind the pectoral fin and slide the knife along the collar to the skull.
- Once the head is free, pull down and twist so you’re left with just the two meat pieces.
- Trim off any excess rib bones.
- Use the cut as a grip for your fingers as you move the fillet knife to cut the skin away.
- Preheat the oven to about 425°
- Cut the cabezon into 4-inch pieces.
- Set up 3 bowls – one for cornstarch, one for whipped egg and one for panko bread crumbs.
- Dip each piece of the fish in the cornstarch first, shake off excess and then dip it in the egg and then in the panko.
- Arrange the pieces of coated fish on a baking sheet and make sure there is a little space between them.
- Pop the dish into the preheated oven for 12 to 15 minutes.
- Once the fish starts to turn a golden brown in color it is ready.
- Sprinkle the cooked fish with some salt and pepper and serve with your favorite sauce.
Q: Is cabezon venomous?
A: While cabezon meat can be consumed safely, and its eggs are highly poisonous and can prove fatal if eaten. You don’t have to worry about their spines as much as rockfish.
Q: Why is cabezon meat blue in color?
A: This is due to a rare bile pigment in the meat of this fish called biliverdin, which turns the blood serum of the cabezon a rare turquoise blue. This is why it is often referred to as the ‘fish with blue meat.’
Q: Is snagging fish illegal in California?
A: According to California Fish and Game laws, snagging a fish outside its mouth is illegal.
Cabezon may not win any beauty contests in the fish world, but its taste is considered to be one of the best amidst seafood aficionados.
The best part is that even though luring it out can take some patience, you don’t necessarily have to invest in heavy equipment to increase your chances of catching it. As mentioned before, a simple tackle, pole spear or a poke pole should be sufficient.
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