Clown Knife Fish: How to Catch Chitala ornata

The clown knifefish chitala ornata is one of the most uniquely-shaped freshwater fish out there.

It has a beautiful silver color with a few black spots near the tail. The crazy part is, it looks like a ribbon!

two clown knife fish in a net
Two large clown knifefish caught down in Florida. Source: Florida Fish and Wildlife

This unique shape allows it to swim forward and backward giving fishermen a double-take as they are reeling it in.

Generally, you’ll see this fish in an aquarium, however, if you’re down in Florida and South Florida, you’ll see this freshwater fish while going for peacock bass.

Not generally a fish you target for food, but some anglers have been giving it a shot.

Use this guide to catch yourself a big one and if you’re so inclined, fillet it up and give it a shot.

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Also known as the clown featherback and spotted knifefish, this fish species can be found in tropical waters and usually ventures out at night only. It lives in freshwater habitats in Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia but it can also be found in other regions.

clown knifefish in an aquarium
Typically you see these fish in aquariums. Source: Daniel Arndt

The shape of this fish is quite distinct. It has a humpbacked and elongated body that is flattened from the sides and it is a silvery gray in color.

This freshwater fish also has a row of 6 to 15 round dark spots with white borders along its body and a tiny dorsal fin that looks like a feather more than a fin. In the wild, it can reach up to 1 m in length but, in a tank, it rarely grows more than 20 inches long.

Clown Knife Facts

Scientific NameChitala ornata
Common Name(s)Clown Knifefish
Identifying CharacteristicsIt has a humpbacked and elongated body that is flattened from the sides and it is a silvery gray in color with 6 to 15 round dark spots with white borders.
Depth RangeN/A
Habitat It lives in freshwater habitats in Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia but it can also be found in other regions.
LimitsCheck your local regulations
Largest Recorded14 lbs

Where to Catch

These fish can be found swimming in river backwaters, lakes and swamps. Young clown knifefish chitala ornata remain in schools in aquatic plants as well as submerged roots while adults swim alone near the shore in areas that have overhanging branches or docks.

Clown knifefish survive in stagnant and oxygen-deficient waters by breathing air.

How to Catch Clown Knife Fish 

This fish is a light tackle species so you can use ones that are typically used for largemouth bass. A medium action rod will work along with a 20 lb monofilament leader. The clown knifefish will take both baits and lures but the former is more effective than the latter especially crankbaits.

You can use both live and dead bait to lure this fish to the hook but make sure it mimics its main diet such as shad and worms. However, you can also use prawns, live shrimp, and small fish strips. If you are targeting the giant variety, using shrimp patterns can increase your chances of catching one.

They are cautious feeders and will drop bait they feel is resisting.

Fishing Tactics

  • Be ready for the fish to jump on the first strike as it tries to unhook itself. Make sure that the line remains tight so it doesn’t escape.
  • Use a sink tip line and do a slow figure 8 retrieve to attract a giant clown featherback.

Fishing Tips

  1. Giant featherbacks feed mostly at the bottom of marginal slops and are active after rainfall, at night and early morning.
  2. This fish does not tolerate being handled for long so make sure that your camera is within reach as soon as you bring one on board. Otherwise, it will start jumping.


The clown knifefish and especially the giant featherback spawn at the start of the rainy season from May to June in flooded and grassy areas which makes them prime fishing spots.

In some areas, it spawns if there are 3 days of continuous rain which are common in June at which time they seek shelter in water hyacinths.

How to Clean

Clown fish are commonly found on menus in Thailand and other southeast Asian countries. Generally you can find this fish deep-fried in a dish called Pla krai thot krathiam, which is served with a delicious spicy sauce. Also, since the clown knifefish has a mushy flesh and lots of bones, it actually makes a great fish ball type dish.

Here’s an easy starter clown knifefish recipe for you to try.

  • Lay the clown knifefish on a clean cutting board and use a scaler or sharp knife to scrape off the scales on both sides.
  • Use a large and sharp fillet knife to cut off the single feather-like fin that starts from the bottom of the fish and goes all the way down to the tail.
  • Flip the fish over and remove the meat that starts from the hump and goes down to the tail.
  • Cut the head off from behind the gills and pectoral fins.
  • Cut the rest of the meat into chunks or fillets.
  • Either mush the meat up and mix it with other ingredients to make fish balls or deep-fry the fillets and serve with your favorite sauce.

How to Cook

[Thai Food ]Wild Bitter Gourd Curry with Clown Knife fish (Gang Kua Mara kee Nok Sai Pla Glai)

There are a few videos on YouTube where fishermen are doing Catch and Cook style videos and trying this fish by pan-frying it. The meat of this fish doesn’t bode well for that style of cooking and it should be done using the traditional Thai method shown in the video above.

  1. Make some cucumber relish by mixing some red chili, vinegar, sugar, sea salt and water in a pot and heat on medium heat.
  2. Cook till the sugar dissolves and then remove from heat and allow to cool before adding cucumber, toasted peanuts, and shallots.
  3. Make salt water in a bowl and make sure the salt is dissolved.
  4. Place the meat of the fish in a bowl, add some drops of the saltwater and start kneading.
  5. Add an egg and curry paste and keep kneading and tossing till the mixture turns sticky.
  6. Add sliced kaffir lime leaves and winged bean and keep kneading till smooth. Then make flat patties from the mixture.
  7. Heat some oil in a pan on medium heat and fry the patties till they turn golden brown.
  8. Serve with fried holly as a garnish.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Why is the clown knifefish an invasive fish in Florida?

A: Likely yes as it’s a popular fish with a native range in Asia. Since it’s a popular aquarium fish, it could have been brought into South Florida and other parts when people release them. It is unclear which waterways brought this fish species into Florida when it lives somewhere else.

Q: How long do clown knifefish live?

A: The clown knifefish can live up to 10 years.

Q: Can you eat clown knifefish?

A: Yes. It’s a popular fish commonly eaten in Thailand and other parts of Asia.

Insider Advice

Clown featherback may look strange but the giant variety can give you a run for your money during a fishing trip.

The fish is known for being a jumper and will start struggling as soon as it is out of the water so you better take that picture fast. The smaller varieties are either used as bait or are placed in aquariums.

Although Florida doesn’t seem to be their native range, they are a fun fish to catch!

The Anglers Behind This Article:

Jon Stenstrom

Johanes Godoy

Sushmita Lo

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Articles » Fish Guides » Freshwater Fish » Clown Knife Fish: How to Catch Chitala ornata


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