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Articles » Fish Guides » Saltwater Fish » Dolly Varden Trout Fishing Guide: How to Catch Salvelinus malma

Dolly Varden Trout Fishing Guide: How to Catch Salvelinus malma

What looks like a trout but is actually a char?

Dolly Varden trout! They are a robust fish that is as gorgeous as it is a prize catch. Find out interesting facts and fishing strategies for this char right here.

dolly varden trout swimming
A beautiful dolly varden trout. Source: UW News

Be sure to check out our other trout fishing tips as well!

Overview

Often confused with trout, the Dolly Varden fish has light spots which are white, yellow or red on a dark body. The back and sides of this fish are often gray or a mud green in color and the fins are plain except for a few light spots that are present on the caudal fin.

It is often compared specifically to the endangered bull trout because of its striking similarity with the fish.

Dolly fish are true chars that range from Puget Sound north around the coast of Alaska all the way to the McKenzie River in Canada. The average dolly can reach 16 to 22 inches in size and generally weigh between one and four lbs in weight.

Dolly Varden Trout Facts

Scientific NameSalvelinus malma
Common Name(s)Dolly Varden Trout, Dolly Varden, DV, Dollies
FamilySalmonidae
Identifying CharacteristicsHas light spots that are white, yellow or red on a dark body. The back and sides of this fish are often gray or a mud green in color and the fins are plain except for a few light spots that are present on the caudal fin.
Depth Range0.5 m
HabitatRange from Puget Sound north around the coast of Alaska all the way to the McKenzie River in Canada
LimitsCheck your local regulations
Largest Recorded27 pounds
StatusNo

Dolly Vardens Habitat

Dolly Vardens remain in freshwater sources such as streams which are less than a meter wide in summer. They can be found half a meter below the surface and remain at the bottom half of water columns in deeper water columns.

Yet, they can also be found in marine shorelines, brackish estuaries, large rivers, and lakes.

For large numbers, look for the fish in streams that are abundant with wooden debris. This offers char protection from the current and cover for ambushing prey. The fishes migrate between fresh and saltwater year-round.

How to Catch Dolly Varden Trout

 

Dolly Vardens may look vicious but if you have experience catching Rainbow trout, catching this char should not be difficult. The fish may leap out of the water to try and unhook itself and will put up a strong fight.

A light action spinning rod or a 5 or 6 weight fly rod should do the trick and use a monofilament 12 lb line to prevent the hook from getting pulled off.

The best Dolly Varden lures are small silver spinners and spoons especially when the char is on the hunt for juvenile salmon. The fish loves salmon eggs and will feed on any poorly buried roe it can find. That is the best bait to use during the peak salmon run when the fish is following the salmon.

small dollie trout
Travis with the small dollie. Source: Travis

Dolly Varden Fishing Tactics

  • If you are using salmon eggs as bait, allow it to float to the bottom of the headwater of rivers and streams that flow out to sea. Do this during peak salmon season for the most bites.
  • Fly patterns for Dollies are dependent on the current primary food source. If you are fishing in Spring, minnow and fry patterns should do the trick and once salmon start spawning, switch to glo-bugs and beads.

Dolly Varden Fishing Tips

  1. To catch the biggest Dollies, head for the northern part of Alaska above the Arctic Circle.
  2. If you are fishing for Dolly Vardens in river mouths, take sealed bearing reels that can withstand the corrosive environment with a 4 to 6 wt rod set up to catch all sizes.

Dolly Varden Seasons

Dolly Vardens are migratory so they can be found in a range of habitats. During the spring, they leave large lakes and head for near-shore saltwater sources for the summer months. There they swim with the salmon and follow the fish upstream to feed on their eggs.

During the spring and early summer, focus on the mouths of rivers and lake outlets to target migrating Dollies. Look for them downstream from the redd i.e. a hollow in riverbeds that salmon make to spawn in.

How to Clean Dolly Varden

dolly varden trout ready to be cleaned
A bunch of dollies ready to be cleaned. Source: Nick Bonzey
  1. Place the Dolly on a clean cutting board and use a sharp filleting knife to cut through the neck right at the groove of the gills. Angle the blade so that you cut toward the head.
  2. Place the Dolly on its side with the belly facing away from you before starting to cut on the top of the backbone from the opening where the head was. Follow the backbone with the knife as you cut down the length of the fish and slice through at the base of the tail to remove one fillet.
  3. Flip the Dolly over and repeat the same trout filleting process. Start at the head and slice along the upper edge of the spine till you remove the second fillet.
  4. Remove the pin bones from the fillets by scraping the flesh with the knife. Remove any small or big bones you find.

Dolly Varden Trout Recipe

  • Melt some butter in a hot pan and add the Dolly Varden fillets when it melts.
  • Cook for about 4 minutes per side or till the flesh is opaque and flaky.
  • When one half of the fish is done, toss in some slivered almonds after you flip it to add a nutty taste to the fish.
  • Serve with seasonal vegetables.

FAQs

Q: Why is it called a Dolly?

A: The name ‘Dolly Varden’ was originally given to the bull trout (Dolly Varden bull trout) that can be found in the McCloud River. The Dolly Varden trout were considered the same species till 1978 but the name stuck.

Q: What does Dolly Varden taste like?

A: Dolly Varden’s taste is a cross between a salmon and a trout so any type of trout recipe will make this fish taste delicious.

Q: When do Dollies spawn?

A: This fish spawns every 3 to 4 years rather than every year.

Insider Advice

Dolly Varden fish are notorious for being strong fighters and will make you work for that catch. Fish during the salmon run downstream from the redd and try out egg patterns to lure the fish.

It’s common to get into the bull trout vs dolly varden similarity debate. They are both chars but are different species.

If you have tips and strategies for catching this magnificent fish share in the comments below and do share this guide if you liked it.


The Anglers Behind This Article:

Jon Stenstrom
Founder

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