The mighty dorado or (or dolphin fish) is a prolific fish found in the temperate, tropical, and subtropical waters across the globe. They are often called mahi-mahi, which is from the Hawaiian language and means “very strong.”
Dorado fish is indeed a very strong fish and grows fast. Most live no more than five years and many don’t make it past four years of age.
You can catch mahi-mahi using a rod and reel, trolling, and even spearfishing. In this article, we are going to cover each method for how to catch dorado coryphaena hippurus, how to clean it after you catch it, and how to cook them using a tasty recipe.
Listen to the Cast & Spear Podcast
Note: the golden dorado (river tiger) is not the same fish as a dorado! It’s actually a freshwater fish that is becoming a popular fresh fish for anglers to catch on the coast of Central and South America, Africa, and the Pacific.
Now let’s jump in and learn about this magnificent fish.
Recommended Dorado Fishing Gear:
Dorado Fish Facts
|Scientific Name||Coryphaena hippurus|
|Common Name(s)||Dorado, Dorado Fish, Mahi Mahi, Mahi-mahi, Dolphin Fish, Dorado coryphaena hippurus|
|Characteristics||Dorado is vibrant in color with golden, blue, green hues on the sides. Fast growing. They have a long dorsal fin.|
|Depth Range||Found up to 85 meters in depth|
|Diet||Smaller fish, zooplankton, crustaceans, and squid|
For more information about Dorado coryphaena hippurus, check out the NOAA.
Where Can You Find Dorado?
Mahi mahi dolphin fish females and males can be found in open waters, offshore, and near coastal areas. They are found in circumglobal waters in tropical and temperate waters.
In the water column, they tend to reside near the surface, mid-water, and in the water column only. You will have luck spotting them near flotsams as they are hunting for small fish who are taking shelter there.
They are a pelagic species found in the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian oceans, and a host of other tropical waters.
Fishermen can find them in temperate, subtropical, and tropical waters. When fishermen go for sailfish, it’s not uncommon to see a few of them around.
Your best bet to find them would be to fish in temperate, subtropical, and tropical waters. Just type in “dorado Mexico” in Google to see a plethora of dolphin fish in these types of waters! If you need a guide down in Cabo, go visit Pisces Sportfishing and tell them Jon sent you 🙂
They are found in schools and in pairs. When they are on the surface they usually are looking for all forms of fish, zooplankton, crustaceans, and squids.
How to Catch Dorado: Mahi Mahi Fishing
When you’re trying to catch the infamous mahi-mahi fish, it’s important to have the best saltwater lures for the job.
Mahi Mahi Fishing Rods, Reels, and Ideal Setups
Light Dorado Fishing Setup
- Star Rods 7.5-foot graphite inshore rod rated for 8-17 lb test.
- Penn Battle II 4000 spinner loaded with 12lb diamond braid.
- Twitch baits and jigs. Perfect for small fish.
Heavy Spinner Dorado Fishing Setup
- Battle II Spinning Reel 8000
- Superline Spool
- Line Capacity Rings
- Shakespeare 7 foot Ugly Stik Bigwater Spinning Rod
- Penn Battle II 8000 reel loaded with 20lb Diamond Line.
- Rigged with a VMC octopus hook, jig, staffer, slammers.
Dolphinfish Trolling Fishing Setup
- Shakespeare 7 foot Ugly Stik Bigwater Spinning Rod
- Daiwa Saltist size 50 Black and Gold loaded with 20lb High Vis so you can see the multiple rods in the water.
Mahi Stand Up Fishing Setup
- Fiblink 6 foot Saltwater Jigging Rod for 30-50lb line matched
- Alutchnos Albacore, loaded with 30lb Hi-Vis.
- Great for pulling ballyhoo off the riggers, and molecraft softheads to fish as teasers, gaffers, and slammers.
Dolphinfish Planar Fishing Setup
- Pull a Sea Striker Planer to cover the water column.
- Daiwa Sealine 50-100 lb class rod. You need a strong rod due to the high amount of stress and strain caused by the planar.
- Alutchnos Albacore Reel
- 65lb Reaction Tackle High Performance braided line.
Choosing the Best Mahi Mahi Lures, Bait, Rigs, and Line
Are you in the fish killing business or the look pretty business with all of your fancy lures and rigs?
If you want to slay some Dorado coryphaena hippurus, then you’ll need to have the right mahi tackle ready to go for any condition.
The Ripper Team use a 220lb Fluorocarbon Leader for their Ballyhoo rig. If you haven’t had a chance to watch the video above, I highly recommend it. They show you their exact setup for catching large mahi.
They also show an innovative way to use a spring and wire to keep the ballyhoo protected while trolling so you don’t have to switch out baits often. This could literally save you hours on your next fishing trip!
Quality Lures Worth a Look
- it casts like a bullet, yet is very stable on the retrieve...
- superior construction enables you to fight the largest fish...
- a 300 lb. swivel connects line directly to the lure,...
- Williamson Ballyhoo Combo
- Williamson Catcher Rigged 6 Fishing Lures
- Rapala X-Rap Magnum 30 Fishing Lure
Mahi Fishing Tactics
There are many methods for catching mahi mahi in the Pacific. Some people like to troll for them, some people would rather be on a boat and do a good old-fashioned line of sight casting for mahi.
Before we get into those methods, one method we don’t prefer here at Cast & Spear is Purse Seine Fishing. This method of fishing is what commercial fisherman use to pull huge schools of fish from the ocean at scale. The problem with this method is the bycatch (sharks, whales, dolphins, and other fish) that are harmed in the process.
Trolling for Mahi Mahi
Trolling is the method of fishing where you drag a lure or bait behind a moving boat and wait for a fish to bite. This method is effective for covering vast amounts of area to give you a high probability of a catch.
Devices such as planer boards are often used to spread fishing lures away from the fishing vessel. This allows for multiple lines to be trolled at once, increasing your odds for a catch.
Types of Trolling Lures
- Surface lures
- Spoon lures
Using trolling lures is usually done between 7-15 knots depending on the fishing area and the type of fish you’re after. You can even troll using a kayak!
Line of Sight Fishing for Mahi
Mahi is a fast fish and it’s difficult to outrun them while you’re reeling in your line. When you line of sight fish for mahi, you’re typically on a boat and casting into the ocean with your lure or jig as if you were fishing from shore.
Dorado coryphaena hippurus put up a good fight so you shouldn’t be surprised seeing the fish on the end of your line jump out of the water!
This method is helpful if you come up to flotsam or floating log and want to fish it from a static boat in the Pacific. You should be able to get your bait right next to or under the flotsam and get a mahi’s attention.
Keep in mind that the ‘dorado’, ‘dolphinfish’ or ‘mahi mahi’ will respond to chunk chum, live chum, dead chum or even jigs will get these fish in the feeding mood.
5 Tips for Catching Dorado
- Make sure you have multiple rods and setups for a day out on the water. It’s always fun to be able to line of sight and troll fish on the same day.
- When looking for mahi mahi, be on the lookout for objects floating in the water like flotsams or logs in the Pacific.
- Trolling for Dorado coryphaena hippurus using ballyhoo might inadvertently catch you a Marlin. Be ready for a fight if that happens.
- Dorado is a fast fish so don’t be afraid to reel in fast when you use the line of sight technique.
- When you come up to flotsam, throw in chunks of fish or squid to get them feeding. With the same bait, load up a hook and throw it out in the water with the bait. They will most likely take it. Make sure you leave your bail off so the bait will sink and until you see the line zipping with a mahi on the end.
- If you hook a dorado, keep it in the water to keep the rest of the school around the boat while you fish them with live or dead bait, chunk bait, etc.
How to Spearfish Dorado
If you’re feeling adventurous then there is nothing better than getting in the water and hunting the dorado coryphaena hippurus using a speargun or pole spear, especially in the Pacific like Costa Rica.
Heck, you could even use a spear and harpoon them from the boat like this guy!
Dorado Spearfishing Tips
If you’re looking to spearfish dorado coryphaena hippurus, then it’s important to find anything floating in the water such as a flotsam or a log. Thee mahi either travel in schools or in a few pairs and like to hid in the open water under anything that about 5 gallons in size or more.
Many times you’ll find them in a large formation of kelp that has broken away from the kelp forest and is a mini ecosystem in the middle of the ocean.
Once you find the mahi, get all your gear on and dive in. You can even put a little attention-getting lure on the end of your speargun to get the mahi curious and closer to you before you take your shot.
The nice benefit about spearfishing for mahi is that you can take the larger ones instead of hoping a large one bites your lure while fishing.
Best Spearfishing Gear for Dorado
Mahi mahi isn’t a massive fish so you won’t need a tuna blaster type gun to bring them in. Any spear gun 90cm or larger should do the trick as long as you have a reel or floatline attached to it.
A solid choice would be either a Rob Allen or Riffe speargun. If you want a little more power in a more maneuverable gun, then a roller speargun is a good option.
The standard spearfishing wetsuit, gloves, mask, fins, weight belt, and snorkel are a must. Sometimes you’ll find yourself in warm tropical waters, like Costa Rica in which you could use a thinner wetsuit or just go in your swimsuit.
Your best bet is to hook one on fishing gear, and leave it swimming around the boat while chumming to keep the school around the boat.
If you want to do a deep dive into all the spearfishing gear you’ll need for a Dorado coryphaena hippurus, make sure you check out our spearfishing gear guide.
5 Tips for Spearfishing Dorado
- Attach a line and lure without a hook to the end of your speargun to get the Dorado coryphaena hippurus curious in you so you can take an easier shot.
- Make sure you have a reel or floatline otherwise this powerful fish will take your speargun.
- Hunt near flotsam or kep paddies for increased odds.
- Look for bird activity. They usually tell you if there is a school of predatory fish out in the water, which could lead to mahi mahi.
- If you have a buddy on a boat, make them throw chunks of bait into the water to keep the mahi around, especially after you hit one so you have more to shoot at once it’s off your spear.
How to Clean and Cook the Dorado Fish
Now that you’ve successfully caught and gutted your Dorado coryphaena hippurus, it’s important to keep it on ice until you’re ready to fillet it.
Let’s dive into the best way to fillet a dorado. Remember, you don’t have to get messy when filleting a fish if you do it right!
Step by Step Guide to Filleting the Dorado Fish
- Use your fillet knife to cut behind the gill plate towards the head.
- Follow the head up, then reverse and go down the back following the backbone all the way to the tail.
- Reverse and cut deeper back towards the head.
- Keep slicing along the backbone. You should hear a ratchet sound as your knife rubs against the bones.
- Take your fillet knife and cut right down the center of the side of the Dorado coryphaena hippurus where the bloodline starts all the way to the tail.
- Remove the first chunk of Dorado coryphaena hippurus and lay it skin side down on the cutting board.
- Remove the bottom loin from the rest of the fish.
- Flip the mahi over and do the same to the other side.
- Use your knife to remove the skin from the meat by holding the skin and sliding your knife from tip to tip.
- Cut out the dark red bloodline zones of the fish meat. If you leave it in, the fish will have the fishy flavor left behind.
- Now you’re ready to cut them into pieces, marinate them, and cook them however you like.
Best Dorado Recipe
If you’re looking for a tasty Dorado coryphaena hippurus recipe then you’re in luck. Making a great tasting mahi mahi dish doesn’t have to be complicated.
Here’s our recipe for garlic mahi mahi:
- 3 tbsp. Grass-fed butter. Cut them into chunks
- 1 tbsp. Extra-virgin olive oil
- 4 4-oz. mahi mahi fillets
- Pinch of garlic salt
- Freshly ground black pepper
- 3 cloves garlic, minced
- Zest and juice of 1 lemon
- 1 tbsp. freshly chopped parsley, plus more for garnish
- In a skillet over medium heat, melt 1 tablespoon of the butter you cut into pieces and olive oil. Stir them until they are mixed.
- On a cutting board, season the mahi mahi using salt and pepper. Cook until golden, which should be about 3 minutes per side. Transfer to a plate.
- In the empty skillet, add remaining 2 tablespoons butter. I hope you can see that we like butter at Cast & Spear. Once melted, add garlic and cook until fragrant, 1 minute, then stir in lemon zest and juice and parsley. Return mahi mahi fillets to skillet and spoon over sauce.
- Garnish with more parsley and serve.
Are You Ready To Catch More Dorado?
Dorado coryphaena hippurus is one of the more plentiful and great tasting fish for you to target especially in Costa Rica. We’ve covered how to catch them using a pole and spear. I highly recommend you try both methods the next time you go fishing.
Remember that the mercury in mahi mahi is not minuscule, so it’s important not to eat the fish more than a few times a month to prevent a build-up of it in your system.
Dorado Frequently Asked Questions
Q: What kind of fish is mahi mahi?
A: Mahi Mahi is a surface-dwelling ray-finned fish found off-shore in temperate, subtropical, and tropical waters around the world. They are part of the Coryphaenidae family.
Q: What is mahi mahi fish?
A: Mahi Mahi is a pelagic fish, which means they live in the pelagic zone of the ocean.
Q: What is dorado?
A: Dorado is a fish commonly known as mahi-mahi. They are highly sought after by recreational and commercial fisherman/women.
Q: What does mahi mahi look like?
A: Mahi-mahi has a unique shape with the males having a large pronounced forehead. They are bright yellow, white, and have other colors that make them directly noticeable.
Q: What do mahi mahi eat?
A: Mahi mahi eats small fish, crustaceans, squid, and zooplankton.
Q: How to troll for Mahi?
A: Make sure you have a strong enough rod to deal with the drag of the bait at the end of your line. Cast out your line into the water and drive your boat between 9 and 15 knots. Wait for a mahi to bite and reel it in.
Q: How to fish for Mahi?
A: We covered three methods of fishing for Mahi and they include trolling line of sight, and spearfishing.
Q: Can I mount the fish on my wall?
A: Absolutely. This is called marine taxidermy. I hear the folks over at Marine Creations are great.
The Anglers Behind This Article: