The California Halibut is a prized fish to catch here in Southern California, as you’ve likely seen in fishing videos. Although they are smaller compared to the barndoor Pacific Halibuts up in the northern United States and into Alaska, they still make delicious table fare.
If you’re lucky to pull a keep halibut while spearfishing or surf fishing, then you’re going to need to clean it. Below are the steps and tips on how to clean halibut and prepare it for your favorite recipe or dish.
Recommended Filleting Gear:
- Fillet Knife For Cleaning
- Kitchen Shears
- Cutting Board
How to Clean Halibut – Step by Step Guide
When it comes to cleaning a halibut, it’s nice to do it in a way that you can use as much of the fish as possible. For example, instead of throwing away the carcass, think about adding it to water and vegetables to make a good fish stock that can be frozen and used in future dishes.
Let’s start our halibut butchery process!
1. Remove the Guts
We’re going to assume that you’ve already removed the guts and are working from a cleaned halibut. You can also leave the guts in and cut around the stomach as long as you’re careful not to puncture the cavity.
2. Remove the Two Cheeks
Halibut cheeks are two delicious little morsels that shouldn’t be wasted. Take your fillet knife and cut the cheek flesh out by first feeling where the halibut skull surrounds the soft area. The cheek is in a cavity, so push down until the blade stops by the head bones, then cut in a circle to pop out the meat.
3. Remove the Fins
Take a reliable pair of kitchen shears and start removing the dorsal fin and all other fins. Place them in a bowl to save for your fish stock; otherwise, bury them in your garden to add nutrients to your plants.
How to Fillet Halibut – Step by Step Guide
1. Cut Down the Middle
With the halibut on the cutting board, grab one of your sharpest fillet knives and cut down the center following the lateral line. Thankfully, this is a flat fish, so it’ll stay in one place while you cut down toward the tail. Follow the spine, and make sure you don’t push too hard to cut through the whole fish.
2. Follow the Bones
Using your hand, pull the flesh towards you as you start to run the fillet knife along the rib bones to begin removing the tissue from the skeleton.
3. Remove the Second Fillet
Rotate the fish 180 degrees and do the same to the second fillet. Don’t worry if you’re not cutting all of the meat since we can scrape it later with a spoon and use it for fish cakes or leave it for your stock.
4. Flip and Do the Other Side
Repeat the same process for the underside of the halibut.
5. Remove the Skin
If you’d like to cook your meat without the skin, then you’ll need to remove it from the fillets. There are multiple ways to do it, but a secure method is to cut a little slit in the tail as a holding point for you to then run your knife at an angle and push away from you. Refer to the video above if this isn’t clear how to do it.
6. Trim and Clean
Finish up your fillet by removing any bones or parts that look unappetizing. Throw any scraps in your stock, including the bones.
Frequently Asked Questions
Remove the guts and skull. Save the cheek meat from the head. Then using a fillet knife, remove the four fillets and use them in your recipe.
Remove the skull, fins, and guts. Then remove the cheeks and fillets.
The fastest way to clean a flounder is by using a sharp knife and following the how-to-clean halibut instructions above.