Ponds can be found in every part of the world. These ponds can be man-made or natural. Ponds can be home to a wide variety of fish from spotted bass, bream, blue catfish, pangasius, largemouth bass, perch, sunfish and many more.
How to fish in a pond will depend on the:
- size of the pond
- type of fish known to inhabit it
- structure in and around the pond
Many ponds are specially designated for fish such as catfish, carp or tilapia. In these ponds, under a controlled environment, these fish can grow to enormous sizes.
In this article, I am going to cover exactly what a pond is, how to fish them, how to know if a pond a good candidate for quality fishing, and much more,
Get ready for some of the top pond fishing tips!
A pond can be a naturally occurring body of water or man-made. Ponds are much like lakes but on a smaller scale.
The same types of cover can be found around ponds as found in lakes. These can be fallen trees, grass, weed lines, or docks and piers.
Ponds can quite literally take care of themselves and have their own ecosystem. If left to their own devices, pond fish can be some of the largest. This is because in most cases they have everything they need.
The nature of some ponds can lead to the fish being stunted, particularly if fish like bullheads, green sunfish, or some cichlids can become overpopulated.
Where Ponds are Located
Ponds can be found around areas that have been stripped for coal or minerals (even sand). These ponds are known as sediment ponds. These are often used to help control the washing and movement of dirt and runoff from strip mine operations.
Don’t let the fact that these are called sediment and runoff ponds fool you. These ponds can be home to some pretty nice fish.
How do the fish get in ponds?
This is a question I have been asked many times. The simple answer, birds.
If these ponds are not “stocked” with fish yet have fish in them, you can just about bet birds had something to do with it.
When birds land in and around bodies of water that have fish they pick up eggs on their feet. When these same birds land in another body of water, the eggs come off and hatch. This populates that pond.
A recent study found that some fish eggs can survive passage through duck digestive systems. These eggs are taken in consuming aquatic vegetation, and then go through the tract until they are deposited in a body of water, then hatch and grow.
Many farmers have ponds dug in pastures to water livestock. These ponds are often stocked in the same way as the strip mines ponds.
Some of the best fishing I have ever done has been in cow pasture ponds. You quite literally never know what you may catch. There is even the occasional snapping turtle.
Stocked Fish Ponds
“Pay Ponds” are also a good place to fish when you just want to go out and catch fresh fish for dinner or a fish fry.
These ponds are often stocked with catfish or trout, even carp. The catfish in these ponds are fed on a regular basis and sometimes grow to very large sizes.
To fish in a pay pond you usually pay the pond owner so much per day of fishing or so much per pound of fish caught.
Many times I have been fishing in these types of ponds and caught a bream or even a bass. Enter our friend the bird again who has unknowingly stocked this catfish pond with bream and bass.
Invasive Pond Fish
Catfish pond owners do not like the introduction of foreign fish into their ponds. This threatens the population when the pond is restocked.
To combat this, catfish pond owners use a method called seining. This method involves using a large net that can be dragged along the bottom to catch these undesirable fish, and remove them.
Ponds can be shallow, as low as 5-6 feet or quite deep from 10-30 feet deep or more. The deeper ponds are typically found around strip mines.
Pond water levels are kept full by underground aquifers or adjacent water sources such as a spring or well. This keeps the water fresh and oxygenated.
How to Know If a Pond Is Good to Fish?
Note: It is important to speak with the landowner to get written permission before attempting to fish a pond you are not familiar with.
Ponds can tell you a lot about themselves just on initial appearance. If the pond is pretty clear, that is a sign it is being well fed by a freshwater source such as a spring. This means the fish in this pond will most often be quite healthy.
If a pond is muddy in appearance, this can mean a couple of things. One is quite a bit of rain that can move clay or other particles in and around the pond.
The second thing that can cause a pond to be muddy is catfish, carp or other scavenger feeding behavior. Since some fish are bottom feeders, they are constantly stirring up the bottom of the pond. This is also true in heavily stocked catfish ponds where there can be almost volume of fish than water in a pond.
Bass Fishing Ponds
Ponds that have fallen trees and grassy shorelines can be prime bass fishing areas. Some of the largest bass ever taken have been caught in ponds.
Pond owners sometimes build piers, shade structures, or docks out into the pond for fishing. Around these piers can also be prime bass fishing areas.
Ponds, even small ponds, may also have a natural dam attached. These are also good places to check out when pond fishing. Typically this is the deepest water in the pond and can be home to some pretty large fish hanging in the shade or cooler water temperatures.
Difficult to Reach Ponds
I have found that ponds that are the most difficult to get to or access are the ones that hold the biggest prize.
There is a good chance these ponds have not been fished as often and this allows the fish to get up to, in some cases, trophy size.
Large Fishing Ponds
Larger ponds that allow access with a boat is a good choice. A flat bottom boat or a fishing canoe/kayak is recommended for ponds. There is no certainty to what may be under the water in shallow spots and or depth of a pond.
Being able to get in the pond and navigate the banks, fallen trees, and piers often offers a big advantage to bank or shore fishing.
Often, you can simply take a few minutes to watch the pond. If there are bass in there they will usually jump or you can see active water or bait being pushed on the surface.
Types of Baits to Use When Pond Fishing
Most have been productive with that simple set up. However, when pond fishing and deciding on a bait to use, people can get quite creative.
There is hardly an angler alive that has not used the trusty earthworm at some point. This is a cheap bait if you purchase it, free if you dig them up.
Worms have long been the go-to when pond fishing. Whether it is bream, bass, or catfish, they will bite worms.
Nightcrawlers are the usual worm of choice for many fishermen. This is because they seem to stay on a hook better than most.
There are many artificial lures that work well in ponds, however, you have to be careful here. Depending on how large the pond is you are fishing can make a difference in the type of artificial bait you use.
Fish in ponds are not used to seeing a vast array of baitfish or food sources. Most of these fish feed on smaller fish, bugs, and frogs.
Extravagant baits or baits that are too flashy or very erratic in movement can actually spook pond fish and keep them from biting.
The best options here are soft plastics such as stick baits or soft swimbaits or frogs. Color needs to closely mimic the color of the water and structure around, in or under the pond.
Topwater plugs such as hula poppers are also a good choice for ponds. If there is a bass in there you will more than likely know it after a few casts.
A weightless plastic worm worked over the top of floating vegetation can be amazingly effective as well.
Liver, Cut Bait, Hotdogs and Cheese
Yes! Weiners and cheese make great catfishing baits.
These baits are primarily directed at catfishing, though bream, bluegill and sunfish will almost always bite weiners or cheese.
In some cases, bream or bluegill can be caught and used as cut bait or whole when catfishing depending on the size of the bream. When used live (typically under a bobber), bluegill and sunfish make excellent bait for large bass also, in areas where this is legal.
Liver has long been a go-to bait for catfishing. Liver can be cheaply purchased at just about any grocery store.
Rooster liver is recommended because it is tougher and stays on the hook better.
In most cases, a standard rod and reel will be perfect for pond fishing. Sometimes you will come across trees with low hanging limbs so a long rod might not be a good idea.
If you are pond fishing in a pond known to hold large catfish, a catfish reel and rod would be a good choice.
Many catfish in these ponds are more than capable of stripping a standard reel and breaking poles like toothpicks.
Pond Fishing Techniques
When pond fishing, you will need to deviate slightly from your normal way of fishing. Because of the smaller habitat these fish live in, they have become to a degree lazy, while possibly also being very predator shy (including you).
They are not having to fight as hard for a meal because in a sense it is already contained in a small area whenever they feel like eating.
Pond Fishing for Bass
Bass or example, are known to strike out of anger as much as hunger. It is for this reason when bass fishing in ponds, you may have to go through a few lures.
This is because the bass may not be hungry so you have to aggravate him to produce a strike out of anger.
Other Pond Fishing Tips
When fishing for bream you have a couple of options. You can either use a slow retrieve method or you can use a bobber and bait.
Artificial and natural baits can often both be used with success, as long as small hooks are involved. Where legal, chumming with small pieces of bread can get the sunfish or bluegill in the mood to eat almost anything!
Either of these will produce results when bream fishing. They are among the easiest fish in a pond to catch on just about anything.
When catfishing, still bait works best. Make sure you cast and allow the bait to sit on the bottom. Then when the line starts to move let the catfish take it away and he will more often than not hook himself.
In a pond, the fish may not be where you are. Move locations and try different areas if you haven’t had a bite in a while.
Another method for catfishing, although if there is a turtle around this will draw them up, it to use a bobber and suspended bait. If the pond has a large population of crayfish, bobbers can help mitigate this nuisance.
Once the bobber goes under he is hooked so make sure you set it if not using a circle hook.
Q: What is the best bait for bass?
A: When it comes to pond fishing for bass, lifelike is king. We have found in most cases, soft plastics get the best results.
Q: What are the different types of fish ponds?
A: There are pay ponds where you pay per pound or day. There are privately-owned ponds that the owners give permission to fish in. There are ponds owned by coal companies and/or land reclamation companies that often write permits to fish in.
Q: Is a special license required for pond fishing?
A: No. However, make sure you’ve gotten written permission before fishing in a privately owned pond.
Q: Is bank fishing for bass in ponds productive?
A: Yes! If you are bank fishing for bass, it is a good idea to stay as quiet as possible to avoid spooking the bass as well as baitfish that may be near the bank.
Pond fishing is a great way to spend a family day or just get away by yourself to relax. There is not a lot of pressure or special tackle involved.
As we covered in this article, some of the largest fish, especially bass, have been caught in ponds.
Some ponds are pretty small. However, when you think about it there is not a lot of competition so all they have to do is eat.
I hope this article has given you some information that will help you get the best results from your next pond fishing trip.
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