Types of Fishing: Most Common Techniques and Methods

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Saltwater and freshwater fishing are the two main types of fishing you’ll encounter. Under these two, the most common fishing techniques and methods include fly fishing, ice fishing, shore fishing, spearfishing, baitcasting, trolling, and more!

Whether you’re a seasoned fisherman or just starting out, there’s a type of fishing that’s perfect for you. In this post, we’ll take a look at the different fishing methods and techniques used for fishing, from freshwater fishing to baitcasting.

So read on to learn more about the different common types of fishing and find the one that’s right for you!

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Types of Fishing

Here are two of the main types of fishing you will encounter:

Freshwater Fishing

freshwater kayak fishing

Freshwater fishing is, as the name implies, fishing in freshwater lakes and rivers. This is the most common type of fishing, and there are many different fishing methods and techniques that can be used, depending on the fish you’re trying to catch.

Saltwater Fishing

saltwater fly fishing gear

Saltwater fishing, on the other hand, fishing in saltwater, such as in the ocean. This type of fishing generally requires more specialized equipment than freshwater fishing, as the water is much more corrosive.

Most Common Techniques and Methods

Here are some of the most common techniques and methods used for fishing, both in freshwater and saltwater. Most of the fishing techniques listed below will use a combination of a lure, simple reel, and a fishing line.

Fly Fishing

Best fishing bag fly fishing
If you’re going to be in the water make sure you get a bag that’s waterproof in case you take a spill.

Fly fishing is one of the most beloved fishing methods today. Fly fishing uses an artificial fly as bait to catch fish. The fly is cast using a fly rod and reel, and the angler tries to mimic the natural movements of a flying insect in order to attract fish.

If you want to try fly fishing, we recommend these fly fishing books.

Ice Fishing

Ice fishing is done through a hole in the ice. This can be done with a variety of different methods, but the most common is to use an auger to drill a hole in the ice and then fish through that hole.

Shore Fishing

Shore fishing is done from the shoreline, as opposed to from a boat. This can be done from a pier, a dock, or even just from the beach.

Canoe Fishing

best fishing canoe

What makes canoe fishing different from others is that it is done from a canoe. This can be a great way to get out on the water and fish in some remote areas that may be inaccessible by other means.

Paddle Board Fishing

Paddle board fishing is a type of fishing that is done from a paddle board. This can be a great way to fish in shallow water or in areas where there is little to no boat traffic.

Rock Fishing

Rock fishing is done from rocky outcrops into the sea. This can be dangerous, so it is important to be aware of the tides and waves before attempting it. It is very popular in Australia and New Zealand.


salmon trolling

Trolling is one of the many fishing techniques where the bait is drawn through the water behind a moving boat. This can be done with a variety of different baits, including spinnerbaits, soft plastics, skirted lures, and live baits.


Jigging is done by dropping the bait to the water and then jerked up and down in order to attract fish. This can be done with a variety of different baits, including jigs, spoons, and soft plastics.


Bait casting is one of the fishing methods used where the bait is cast out into the water using a baitcasting reel and rod. This can be done with a variety of different baits, including live bait, lures, and soft plastics.


spearfishing hawaii

Spearfishing is where the angler uses a spear to catch fish. Nowadays, spearfishermen use a speargun, which is essentially a spear that is fired from a gun. This can be done in both freshwater and saltwater. But keep in mind that spearfishing is dangerous before trying it out.

Which One is for You?

Now that you know a little bit more about the different types of fishing and the most common techniques and methods, it’s time to decide which one is right for you. If you’re just getting started, then freshwater fishing is probably the way to go. But if you’re looking for a challenge, then saltwater fishing or one of the more specialized types of fishing might be more up your alley. So get out there and start exploring the wonderful world of fishing!

Things to Consider When Choosing Which Fishing Type is For You

There are a few things that you should take into consideration when choosing which fishing type is right for you. Here are a few things to think about:

  • What kind of fish do you want to catch? What are your target species?
  • Where do you want to fish?
  • What type of equipment do you have or are willing to purchase?
  • How much time do you have to dedicate to fishing?
  • How much experience do you have?

These are just a few things to consider when choosing which is right for you. Ultimately, the decision is up to you, so make sure to choose something that you will enjoy and be able to stick with.

And there are so many more types of fishing and fishing methods you can choose from, such as longlining, trapping, drone fishing, kite fishing, bank fishing, spin casting, bottom fishing, bait fishing, kayak fishing and more in catching more fish.

As for methods such as trawling, subsistence fishing or artisanal fishing used in developing countries, these are considered commercial fishing and will fall into other types of fishing.

Final Thoughts

From spinning rods to baitcasting rods, there are all sorts of fishing techniques available nowadays. But overall, fishing is a great way to relax and enjoy the outdoors. It can be done in a variety of different ways, depending on the type of fish you’re trying to catch. The most important thing is to have fun and be safe!

So which of the many types of fishing methods do you want to try?

Jon Stenstrom
Founder & Angler
Jon Stenstrom is a fishing enthusiast. He has over 25 years of fishing experience, and 6 years of spearfishing experience, and is currently learning how to boat. Jon has his Open Water PADI Certification and FII Freediver Level 1 Certification. Jon has traveled the world to fish and dive, most notably in the Great Barrier Reef, Baja Mexico, Thailand, and Malaysia. More Articles
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