Also known as the threadfin trevally and the pennant fish. The African pompano can be found in tropical waters across the globe but it is most common in coastal waters.
The species can be found in the east and west coasts of South America, Africa, across the Indian Ocean, and along Asia and Australia. It is a laterally compressed fish with a tapering tail and a curved head. The fish also has several visible spines on its dorsal fins.
The young can be found in open water and adults can be found 180 feet deep underwater and near wrecks, ledges, and reefs. The pompano is known for the fierce fight it puts up when it is hooked so make sure you have the strength to overpower the fish and haul it on board.
African Pompano Fish Facts
|Scientific Name||Alectic ciliaris|
|Common Name(s)||African Pompano|
|Identifying Characteristics||A laterally compressed fish with a tapering tail and a curved head. The fish also has several visible spines on its dorsal fins.|
|Depth Range||180 feet|
|Habitat||This species can be found int he east and west coasts of South America and Africa. It’s in the Indian Ocean and along Asia and Australia.|
|Limits||Check your local regulations|
|Largest Recorded||25 inches long and 9 pounds|
African Pompano Habitat
Adult African pompanos prefer to remain in coastal waters in depths of about 100m amidst reefs and wrecks throughout a water column.
Juveniles are pelagic by nature and they can be found swimming in the open ocean around coastal areas. The fish relies on water current which is why they can also be found in estuaries in lower Australia. Most do not survive the cold winter temperatures.
How to Catch African Pompano
Since this fish species is widely spread, finding schools where you can drop a hook in can be a challenge. Just make sure before looking for one to consider your gear carefully.
Pompano Fishing Rigs
The best bait for pompano is the slow trolling variety especially if you find a school that is close to the surface. You can also use small live bait (such as smaller fish like pilchard, or shrimp and slugs) as well as jigs, lures, and feathers to attract the fish.
You can toss chum on the surface of the water to make a school go into a frenzy and use fly tackle.
African Pompano Fishing Tactics
- Use bait buttons to prevent live bait from sliding up and on the hook and fishing line. It will also prevent the fish from ripping off the bait completely.
- The African pompano fish moves inshore in the summer so you will increase your chances of catching them if you use live bait during this time. Use jigs in winter when the fish is in deeper water.
African Pompano Fishing Tips
- These fish like warm water so look for them above wrecks.
- Most pompano geared rigs come with two to three hooks so use this to your advantage by using many pompano fish bait such as shrimp, squid and sand flea.
African Pompano Seasons
Pompano fish starts showing up in June when the temperature of the water climbs up into the 60s. The fish does not emerge in huge numbers till temperatures are at their hottest (between August and September).
The schools disappear completely with the arrival of the cold front during the fall and appear offshore. The fish spawns inshore from spring to fall and peaks in April and May.
Florida pompano fish usually appears in Florida around October and are well dispersed throughout the state by December or January. The fish migrates back north by April and June when the temperatures start to drop.
How to Clean African Pompano
- Place the pompano on a cutting board.
- Use a sharp knife to make an incision in the soft part of the head right near the eye and cut up to the backbone.
- Without taking the knife out, cut all the way down the backbone till the tail.
- Make many passes with the knife following the backbone until you get to the end of the incision and can remove the fillet with the skin.
How to Cook African Pompano
African Pompano Recipe
- Turn on the grill.
- Mix 2 tablespoons of sugar, 2 tablespoons of lime juice, some grated ginger, 1 tablespoon of fish sauce and some garlic in a bowl.
- Season the pompano fillets with salt and pepper and grill for 3 minutes per side or till the fish is cooked through.
- Place the cooked fillets on a plate and drizzle the sauce on top.
- Serve with cilantro.
Q: Are pompano fish good to eat?
A: Yes, the flesh of the African pompano fish is firm and clean. It also has a lot of fat but it is far from oily which makes it great table fare.
Q: What does pompano fish look like?
A: The pompano is round in shape but it has the narrow-bodied structure of a flatfish. The skin is silvery and is smooth enough to not need scaling.
Q: What do pompano eat?
A: Pompano fish eat small crustaceans, shrimp and on occasion, small baitfish such as pilchard.
Q: Is pompano dangerous to eat?
A: Like most large reef fish, pompano can also carry ciguatera poisoning but this is more common in species that can be found in the Bahamas.
Word to the wise – if you want to catch this elusive but powerful fish, ask a couple of friends to come with you. Pompano put up a huge fight and you will need all the help you can get to reel one in!
If you are a veteran at catching African pompano don’t be shy and share your experiences in the comments below and do share this guide if you liked it.
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