Ready to take on the challenge of surf fishing the Southern California Coast and catch a feisty fish? Menticirrhus undulatus, commonly known as California Corbina, is waiting for you!
Corbina is one of the most popular sportfish in Southern California.
The Corbina (California King Croaker) is one of the most popular sportfish in Southern California. They constantly give pier fishermen headaches due to their difficulty to hook and pickiness to take the bait.
Sometimes they will take whatever you put in front of them and other times, they’ll swim on by unbothered. With the proper know-how listed on this page, you will increase your chances on these surf fish and enjoy your fishing experience.
Corbina fish, Menticirrhus undulatus have many names- California Whiting, California King croaker, Corbie, Corvina, Bagre and Bean or Beanie. They were simply called ‘surf’ or ‘surf fish’ in the late 1880’s and early 1900s.
WATCH OUT FOR CORBINAS
If you happen to go fishing and see a long slender fish shaped like a cylinder with a chin barbel on its lower jaw- think of Corbina California. Their dorsal fins appear divided by a deep notch, but connected by the membrane. Its color ranges from dark metallic blue to sooty gray on the back fading to lighter shades.
They have dark wavy diagonal lines on flanks; hence the latin term ‘undulates’, black pectorals and a white belly. King croakers grow up to 28 inches in length. Do not confuse it with its relative, the yellowfin croaker.
Recommended Corbina Fishing Gear:
- Fishing Rod: St. Croix Triumph Spinning Rod
- Corbina Fishing Reel: Pflueger President Spinning Reel
- Fishing Line: KastKing Monofilament 6 pound
- Best Corbina Bait: Sand Crabs
California Corbina Menticirrhus undulatus swim to a depth of 45 feet, but usually in water 3-18 feet deep. Usually in small schools, Corbina fish are rarely in water deeper than 20 feet.
They prefer the shallow bays along sandy shorelines, oceanfront surf, and sometimes they swim in just inches of water while using the chin barbells found on their lower jaw to search for sand crabs.
From May through September (spawning begins in July), they are most commonly found in the oceanfront surf areas. Corbina fish are way more fun if you use a light tackle setup due to their fight.
The California Corbina is a resident of Mexican waters of the Pacific Ocean, but has a limited distribution being found in waters from Bahia Magdalena, southern Baja California and the Gulf of California to Point Conception.
Corbina feeds on the Coldwater Mole Crab, Emerita analoga and small amounts of other crustaceans and clams, small fish, and small invertebrates. It can often be found feeding in a few inches of water in the upper surf.
|Scientific Name||Menticirrhus undulatus|
|Common Name(s)||Corbina, California Corbina, California Whiting, Corvina, Bagre, Surf Fish|
|Identifying Characteristics||Greyish-blue top with metallic grey sides and white belly. Slightly wavy lines along the sides. Dusky fins. Older specimens have two stripes from head to tail above pelvic fins and merge behind the anal fins. Look for barbel on the chin.|
|Depth Range||0 to 20 m|
|Habitat||The fish can be found in Pacific waters from the Gulf of California to Point Conception.|
|Limits||Check your local regulations|
|Largest Recorded||8 pound 7 ounces. Generally, around 3 pounds.|
As of October 15, 2019, the International Game Fish Association world record stood at 56 cm (1 foot 10 inches) with the fish caught in coastal waters off Newport Beach, California in April 2015, and 3.6 kg (7 lbs 15 oz) with the fish caught within Mission Bay, San Diego, California in May 2004
The world record for largest CaliforniaCorbina fish was 8lb 7 oz but according to Los Angeles Times, on August 30, 1904, a large pier-caught California Corbina was reported. It was caught by Harry Slotterbeck in Redondo Beach Wharf. The record fish weighed a stunning 11lbs and 2 Oz.
Most can be found in small schools and some adults prefer to swim alone along the surf zone in a few inches of water. The fish swims along the sandy shallows looking for food and seek refuge in the white water that is created by crashing waves.
Some pier anglers or pier fishermen visit the sandy beach piers in Southern California during summer when Corbina fishing is best occurring.
If you’re unfamiliar with beach piers, you can visit these best bet Corbina beaches in California: Crystal Pier, Oceanside Pier, San Clemente Pier, Belmont Veterans Memorial Pier, Hermosa Beach Pier, Manhattan Beach Pier, Malibu Pier, and Goleta Pier.
Sandy shore anglers visit beaches between San Diego and San Pedro for a good Corbina fishing experience. Considered as one of the best beaches for shore anglers is San Onofre.
How to Catch Corbina Fish
The fish is an inshore species so the best way to catch it is from the shore rather than a boat. Since corbina’s preferable food source are soft-shelled sand crabs, that is the best bait you can use to catch them. You can also use small pieces of shrimp and innkeeper worms.
Plus, use light to medium tackle with a high/low leader and size 6 to 4 hooks. This fish is frequently caught using a method called “sight-casting”.
Pier fishermen are at a disadvantage with Corbina fishing because of the angle, wind, and wave action making it hard to fish a spot without using a heavy sinker.
But they definitely have lucked out on the fact that beds of sand crabs can be spotted near the beach piers during low tides, the areas the Corbina will invade and seek out food as the tide moves inshore.
Use a light tackle outfit if you’re looking to play a bit with the fish. You can get away with a light to medium rod from 7 feet on up depending on your preference.
Use straight mono or with around a 22-inch fluorocarbon leader. For an added challenge use a 4-6 pound test. Since the fish usually rides the incoming tide to the beach while looking for food, use sight-casting to fish for them.
Hooks can vary from a number 6 on up to a 4/0 depending on your rig. Generally, a smaller hook would be advisable with a light line.
Use one or two sand crabs on your hook. If that doesn’t work, try clams, mussels, or marine worms. Usually, live bait works better than a lure. If you can find innkeeper worms, use them as they are also considered one of the best baits for Corbina fishing.
Corbina Fishing Tactics
- If this croaker fish is not feeding far up on the beach, cast further out and pay special attention to the depressions under the surf. Look for those that are parallel to the beach.
- Corbina will flee at the slightest threat. Make sure that the line is tight so you can detect the smallest bite without making the bait seem unnatural. Plus, keep the rod tip high and keep moving up the beach if a spot doesn’t please.
- Sight-casting is advised. A well-placed cast can ensure you can watch the fish take the bait. To spot the fish from a pier or the shore, wear polarized sunglasses to block the sun’s ray’s reflecting off the water. The best way to spot them is from a local pier especially when the tide is high.
Corbina Fishing Tips
- Use small, dime-sized sand crabs as bait rather than the large ones or you will have to spend more time cutting up bait than fishing.
- For live bait use the fish’s favorite meal such as bloodworms, mussels, ghost shrimp, sand crabs, and bean clams.
Corbina Fish Season
Corbinas can be taken all year round, but the most optimal time is July through October, with the influx of warm water and sand crabs.
From mid-July to late September Corbina fish bite in droves. The former brings smaller surf and clear waters which the fish uses to full effect in feeding frenzies.
You can catch it at any time of day, but Corbina is another croaker that often bites far better at night or early morning in low light conditions.
How to Clean Corbina
Corbina has a food value of good to excellent. Therefore, if you catch a keeper, it’s worth bringing it home to cook.
- Place the corbina on a clean cutting surface and use a large and very sharp fillet knife to cut off the head completely.
- Starting from the top where the head was, run the knife along the spine and make several passes down to the tail.
- Make as many passes of the knife as it takes to remove the first fillet from the body.
- Separate the second fillet from the rib cage by sliding the knife between them and making several passes till it detaches.
How to Cook California Corbina
Croakers Fish Recipe
- Cut up the fish into small pieces before washing and drying it. Place in a plastic container.
- Sprinkle on some salt and pepper.
- Cover the fish with 2 finely sliced red onions, 2 steamed and seeded Serano chilies and some lemon juice. Marinate for 3 hours in the fridge.
- Boil a pot of salted water and boil 4 ears of corn for 4 minutes. Drain and set aside.
- Place some lettuce leaves on a plate, place the fish mixture on top and surround with the cooked corn before serving.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: Is corbina good to eat?
A: Yes, corbina has a good mild taste that is pleasant to the palette.
Q: Can you eat croaker?
A: Yes, this fish is safe to eat.
Q: How large can corbina get?
A: Corbina can grow to be as large as 30 inches in length and as heavy as 8 lbs.
Q: Why is the corbina called the croaker?
A: The corbina is often confused with the yellowfin croaker and other croaker varieties because of its similarity to them. Yet, it does belong to the croaker family.
Q: Can I buy a corbina?
A: It is illegal to buy corbina commercially in the state of California so you will have to catch the fish yourself.
Corbina can be some of the most exciting surf fish to catch along the California coastline if you have the right setup and the proper know-how. To increase your chances of catching this fish, match your bait with the prey it hunts along the shallows.
Be ready to put up a fight though. This croaker fish is an aggressive fighter and may give you a hard time when it is hooked
Do you have any tips and strategies that you use to catch California corbina? Or maybe an experience you’ve had in fishing? Share them in the comments and do share this guide if you liked and found it informative.
The Anglers Behind This Article: