Are you having trouble catching the strong, bottom-dwelling California Sheephead?
If you said yes, you are not the only one.
This fish can be found in Baja California, Mexico all the way up to Monterey Bay, California.
Also known as sheepie, goat, sheephead, red fish, humpy and fathead, the California sheephead is a member of the Labridae family of wrasses. A strong bottom dweller, this fish is a favorite with spearfishermen/women and anglers who enjoy their fight and challenge to catch.
- 1 Overview
- 2 California Sheephead Facts
- 3 How to Catch California Sheephead
- 4 Spearfishing for Sheephead
- 5 How to Clean California Sheephead
- 6 California Sheephead Recipes
- 7 FAQs
California Sheephead Facts
The body of the sheephead is long, robust, and compressed. What really makes it truly special is that it starts its life as a hermaphrodite – it is born as a female and turns male as it grows older. The sex change is apparent since the fish changes its appearance as it transitions into a male.
Younger sheephead females have a pinkish hue with a white lower jaw. As they grow older and turn into males, a third of the body turns black while the midsection remains red and the lower jaw remains white.
Sheephead has commercial value, but it has been overfished to the point that it has been replaced by rockfish.
|Scientific Name:||Semicossyphus pulcher|
|Common Name(s):||Sheephead, sheep, sheepie, humpy, goat|
|Characteristics||Females are light pink in color which turns black as they age and turn male.|
|Depth Range||20 to 100 feet|
|Sheephead Size Limits||12 inches in CA|
|Catch Limits||5 fish per bag|
|Largest Recorded||36 inches long and weighed 35.5 pounds|
How to Catch California Sheephead
The sheephead is a sucker for a range of cut and live baits from anchovies, baby octopus, and squid. It doesn’t matter if you use fresh or frozen bait, they aren’t picky eaters. You can also use live mackerel for larger sheephead.
The fish rarely strikes aggressively and will tap at the bait before trying to eat it whole. A tackle that can help you sense those sensitive bites should be in your fishing gear and it should also give you the power to wrestle a big one from a structure. It could also be beneficial to use braided fishing line for the added sensitivity and to help you deal with the kelp if it’s in the area.
Favorite Sheephead Rigs
A common rig to use for catching California sheephead involves a sliding sinker that should be used a couple of feet above the line. This is ideal for shallow waters. For deeper water, you can use a drop shot – hang a weight from the dropper loop and have you hook 18 or so inches above with your shrimp, mussel, or other bait.
Tactics Worth Trying
- Sheephead like to frequent structures in the water, which can wreak havoc on your line. After setting the hook, do your best to prevent the fish from hiding behind a reef and damaging your line.
- Pin bait to the hook so that the sheephead doesn’t peck it off with its sharp teeth.
- Fish for this species in rocky kelps areas that are near the shoreline and in water that is 20 to 180 feet deep.
- When your rod bends as the sheephead bites down and struggles with the bait, make sure not to swing it too high when setting the hook. The fish might be able to escape otherwise.
- Use light bait on the line. Sheephead have keen eyes and will spot heavier ones as well as a thick line.
Catching Sheephead Year Round
Always check your wildlife regulations.
The official recreational fishery for California sheephead is available all year round to divers and shore-based anglers.
However, anglers who wish to fish from boats can do so from March to the end of December. Since the fish species is considered to be vulnerable due to overfishing and capture for the live fish trade, it is strictly regulated so chances are you may not be able to find them in the wild.
The best time to catch California Sheephead is in the spring.
Spearfishing for Sheephead
Goats are a common fish to target for the spearo in California. They don’t tend to be the smartest fish in the sea and are easy to stalk and hit with a speargun. To add a bit of challenge I’ve actually started targetting them primarily with my Gatku pole spear.
They usually swim in pairs so if you spot a smaller one be sure to wait a few moments to see if the larger one shows up.
These fish are slow growers and since they are easy to kill, make sure you only take what you plan to eat. If you see a monster size one, leave it be so that it can reproduce and help bump up its conservation status out of Vulnerable.
How to Clean California Sheephead
- Remove the scales of the fish with a spoon. These are not hard to scrape off since they are quite thick and delicate.
- Use kitchen shears and long nose pliers to remove the grinding stones in its throat and to get a rip on the gills.
- Fillet halfway down the ribs and then cut them away using long nose pliers starting from the front. You will see a row of centerline spines which can be removed with the pliers as well. All you need to do is take hold and pull forward.
- Remove the skin using a fillet knife.
- Wash off with water to remove any debris.
California Sheephead Recipes
Fake Crab Rolls
Sheephead does not have a firm consistency. Therefore, I recommend you try steaming the fish to mashing it together to give it the texture of crab meat.
The flavor isn’t strong so it works well to mix butter and other seasonings into the meat.
Toast up some King’s Hawaiian rolls and toast them on a cast iron skillet. Add your meat and butter mixture on the toasted bun and drizzle with more butter.
You know have a poor man’s crab roll that tastes amazing!
Since sheepies have soft meat, it makes for a delicious ceviche.
Clean the fish as you normally would and dice the raw meat into a half inch to one-inch cubes. Throw them into a bowl with lime juice, minced or crushed garlic, cilantro, tomatoes, avocado, and your favorite seasonings.
Let it sit in the fridge for at least an hour.
Serve over tostadas shells or tortilla chips.
DISCLAIMER: Remember that any time you eat raw fish you’re at risk for food-borne illness. Just be careful!
Q: What does California sheephead taste like?
A: The flesh of this fish is white, firm and has a mild taste making it perfect for chowder and salads.
Q: When are California sheephead most active?
A: The fish hunt actively during the day but move to crevices at night and wrap themselves up in a mucous cocoon to stay safe from predators.
Q: When does a female California sheephead change sex?
A: A female turns into a male when it turns 13 years old. The species can live up to 21 years of age.
Q: What kind of bait is best for sheephead?
A: A variety of invertebrate bait can be used to attract sheephead such as bloodworms, shrimp, ghost shrimp, fresh mussels and cut up squid.
Q: Where can the California Sheephead be found?
A: The fish tends to remain near kelp beds, piers or rocks, and few ventures out in open water for fear of predators. The best sites to fish them in include Ocean Beach Pier, Santa Monica Pier, Paradise Cove Pier, Redondo Sportfishing Pier, and San Clement Pier.
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