If you are looking for a game fish or starting freshwater fishing, knowing the right bait will help. It makes a huge difference in helping you catch your favorite fish. But do keep in mind that the bait depends on your target catch.
Want to learn more about using live fishing bait?
Big fish will eat small fish. Minnows are one of the most challenging types of fish bait. These are baby fish and are famous for freshwater bait. Experienced anglers can look for minnows that big fish eat. However, bait shops sell these, and that is the simplest way to have them.
How to Fish Minnows
Seining is the best way to fish minnows. It would help if you found a small creek or shallow area along the edge of a lake.
What you can do is float them beneath a fishing bobber. This tactic is effective in spring because there are many fish in the shallows. Trophy largemouth bass usually eats these and shad, so this is a great bait to use. You can use these as live bait for largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, and pan fish.
Creek chubs, or larger minnows, work as bait to catch larger fish. These include largemouth bass and kingfisher. To have it as your bait, they adapt well to aquarium environments.
You can make a minnow trap. You can use peanut butter, crackers, and live insects to spread around the trap. You leave the trap for about 15 minutes, and you can have a good catch.
I often cast and reel in minnows as if it was a plastic worm. This will give you the wriggling appeal of live bait. The result? You have live bait fishing that catches targets.
Insects are another fishing bait that is available at fishing stores or for you to catch. Baits most often used to catch freshwater fish are ants, beetles, grasshoppers, and crickets. You can use insects, especially during spring. They are also an excellent choice to use if you are planning to go freshwater fishing.
Even though insects are the least common types of fish baits, they are available in pet stores.
They are suitable for big flatheads, blue catfish, and pike to use as live bait in deep water. One of the best ways to catch shad is by catfishing. Fishing with live shad is excellent for striped bass. You can look for shad in coves, dams, and riprap along the bridges.
How to Fish Shad
The top methods are drift fishing without a floor or anchoring. You need to connect the shad on a number 4 or 0-2 hook attached to an 18-36 inch leader down your line. You need to position the rig a few feet off the bottom or above the location of the fish.
If gamefish are in shallow water, you can drive them beneath a cork in 4-10 feet of water, and they will swim naturally. Or, you can just go to the nearest bait shop in your local place.
These are some of the most common live bait in the US. They are an easy meal for most fish species. Red worms are a good choice for trout in streams and stocked lakes.
Trout will release its instinctive strike if they see golden shiners or light and use the best bait for it. Meal worms are effective to hook fish since they stay longer on the hook than any other worm.
Wax worms are one of the most used for ice fishing. These are ideal for catching brin, catfish, bluegill, crappie, bass, and other panfish. Wax worms have very soft bodies. They are also known to break off the hook, and you can attach them to a split shot.
You can store these in containers with breathable lids. You need to pinch into ¼ pieces for panfish on a smaller #4 or #6 Baitholder Hook.
If you want to attract trout, you can use smaller manure worms. This technique prevents smaller fish from nibbling the worm without biting your hook. Or, worse, detach the bait from your fishing pole. You can also find these in your own backyard or the nearest tackle shop.
Fishing with live worms is tricky because they can drift naturally. Make sure to tie the worm on the hook until covered to keep it attached.
Eastern European anglers use leeches. Using these as fishing bait is popular for larger game fish, such as the walleye in freshwater. Leeches are also an excellent alternative when targeting panfish. These are perfect with a basic and advanced rig and are versatile.
You can store leeches in a plastic tub, keep them in water and covered. They are available at your local tackle shops and used for Walleye or northern pike.
Leeches draw targets by their swimming motion after they have adjusted to water temperature. You can put them in foam containers and bring them wherever you go. These species will help you if you want to enjoy freshwater.
These are small catfish that can tempt any good-sized gamefish. They are effective on smallmouths in rivers and freshwater. You can catch madtoms for your bait.
If you continuously turn over stones, you will have enough madtoms for fishing. Live Madtoms last through catching several fish before you replace them.
They are great for smallmouth, largemouth, spotted bass, pan fish, catfish, and trout. You can capture these around the same rocky areas in streams and rivers. But, you’ll need to store these in containers with leaves, sticks. Then, add a small amount of the same water to the containers.
Fishing Bait for Beginners
These tips and tricks will get you more fish than you expected. After all, a fish takes live baits as often as it can. You can start with standards that are easy to catch and find.
Many anglers held their first poles with live bait at the end. I even heard stories about using a piece of bread or corn.
Considering where you can get these, live baits can be cheaper in the long run. Especially if you enjoy freshwater fishing. Although, it’s also worth checking out other baits. Besides freshwater fishing, you might even find a good alternative for saltwater fishing.