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Names of Fishing Lures: 8 Types You Should Know for Topwater Fishing

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To be able to choose the best lure for the species of fish you will be going after, it is first important to have an understanding of behavior and feeding patterns in that species.

It is a well-known fact, “what works for one will not necessarily work for the other”.

With thousands of lures on the market, it can be difficult to choose what works best.

Names of Fishing Lures
Every angler has an arsenal of lures that are right for their area and the daily conditions.

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In this article, I am going to cover several of these behaviors and patterns as well as five basic lures that work very well.

We’re going to cover the best fishing lures, including bass lures, topwater bass lures, and even some of those Walmart fishing lures that are easier to get on Amazon nowadays!

Also, I will cover techniques that work well with these lures and how to mimic prey that different species of fish typically go after.

Names of Fishing Lures:

  • Jigs
  • Swimbaits
  • Hard-bodied Swimbaits
  • Soft-bodied Swimbaits
  • Paddle Tail Swimbaits
  • Plugs
  • Crankbaits
  • Spoons

Know that we know the names of the various topwater lures, let’s dive into detail around each one. We’ll cover which lure should target specific fish and the best way to increase your luck catching one.


Jigs

(Bass)

Booyah BYBJ12-18 Boo Jig, 1/2-Ounce, Black/Green Pumpkin
  • A jig made to penetrate the brush piles or drop...
  • Boo Jig featrues a flat bottom 18 degree rise
  • Heavy weed guard two magnum rattles and a full...

Bass, are opportunistic feeders and known for aggressive strikes. They will often go after prey that looks as though it is in distress. Bass will also strike simply because of their aggressiveness.

One of the hottest lures on the pro tours, the swimming jig is exactly what it sounds like, winding a jig through the water, just like a spinnerbait or lipless crank.

The perfect swim jig ranges from ¼ to ½ ounce, has a lighter weed guard, and has a bullet-shaped head to slither around and through cover.

Because swim jigs are moving when the bass bites, they don’t need nearly as heavy a hook, you want something sharp and narrow for maximum penetration. Ideal swim jig trailers include grubs, paddle tails, or other plastics with lots of action.

Jigs are highly customizable, so the uses of jig lures can be very vast. For example, jig weight, head shape, head color, skirt color, and trailer can all be customized for the conditions and the type of prey you are trying to mimic.


Swimbaits

(Bass, Pickerel, Pike, Musky, and Crappie.)

There are three major types of swimbaits:

  • Hard Body
  • Soft Body
  • Paddle Tail

Hard-Body Swimbaits

Rapala Countdown Magnum 11 Fishing lure, 4.375-Inch, Firetiger
  • The Countdown has the slow-sinking, controlled...
  • Every step of the way, Rapala lures are designed...
  • Sinking Models

The detail on some hard body swimbaits is extremely realistic, as is their action in the water. The reason behind this and their size is they attract the biggest fish in the lake you are fishing.

The cost of quality hard bodied swimbaits is so high due to the extreme fine tuning by the creators to re-enact a real fish. The professionals and serious anglers are likely to pay upwards in the hundreds for a fine-tuned swimbait that draws the largest fish around to strike it.

Swimbaits, in general, lean more towards the expensive side, but as with anything, there is a cheaper side to them, at the sacrifice of quality, durability, and attractiveness.

As expected, the hard-bodied variant is equipped with treble hooks, which are far from being weedless or snag-free. Most of the time you can just simply rip them through the grass as they are so large but they ARE expensive so the idea is not to lose them to a piece of grass or a tree stump.

Some of the hard-bodied swimbaits have a lip in the front to aid them in keeping their action as constant as possible much like a Crankbait. Some of the more expensive models do not require a lip in the front and are designed just to simply glide, or well swim through the water like a real fish.


Soft Bodied Swimbaits

Savage Gear Sandeel 7" Sinking Soft Body Bait, 2 1/3 oz, Murdered Out
  • Eels are a to prey of many game fish wherever...
  • Can be fished vertically, casted or trolled
  • Unparalleled swimming action

These lures are usually very large, heavy, solid plastic lures. They also make great topwater bass fishing lures!

The reason many anglers pick them over their hard bodies cousins is due to the fact that because they are soft the fish get a more realistic feeling when they strike which in turn gives the angler more time to set the hook.

These lures are made out of a very durable plastic that is very abrasion and tear resistant.

There are a few different types of Soft Baits. There are full body, line through, and top hook variants of Soft Baits.

Full body baits are whole plastic baits that require you to rig your own hook to them.

Line through baits; require you to run your choice fishing line through a little tube going through the bait’s body and attaching a treble hook to your line.

This allows the line through baits to slide up and down your line, as you are fighting your fish, this feature, in turn, keeps your bait from becoming damaged and having to re-tie another one on.

Top hook baits; are pre-rigged and pre-weighted baits that you simply tie on your line and throw. These baits are the simplest and cheapest variant of soft-bodied swimbaits.

Have you tried the all black before?


Paddle Tail Swimbaits

Z-MAN SPT5-54PK5 Scented Paddlerz
  • Z-Man SPT5-54PK5 Scented Paddlerz

Paddle tail swimbaits are the cheapest type of swimbait in a whole. They come in bags of different quantities like soft-plastic worms or craws.

These type baits require you to rig them up yourself. Which allows for a various amount of different ways to fish this type of swimbait. (They are my personal favorite, as well as my go-to for finding fish in new waters.)

You can Texas-rig them; To rig a Texas rig all you need is a bullet weight and a worm hook. You can use an offset round-bend hook or an offset-EWG (extra wide gap) hook.

The EWG hook works better for swimbaits because it aids in making the Swimbait more weedless. After you have gathered your terminal tackle, you need to put the bullet weight point first on the line then tie your hook on.

Next, you need to put your swimbait on, get your bait and take the point of the hook and put it at the center of the bait as possible.

Push the hook till you get to the end of the straight portion, pull the hook through the bottom side of the swimbait and push the bait up to the eyelet, at that point you should put the hook up against the side of your bait and see where the round bend starts on your hook.

Hold the bait there, turn your hook around and push the point of your hook through the belly through the back where you have the bait held and let the straight portion of the hook rest against the back of the bait.

Most of the time Paddle tail swimbaits have a notch for the shank of the hook to rest so that the bait in weedless.

If your bait does not have the little notch, pull the bait forward a bit and let the tip of your hook rest just below the surface of the plastic. This will keep you from getting snagged on weeds, grass, stumps, and tree limbs.

Alternatively, there are swimbait hooks you can purchase that have a little spring on the eyelet that allows you to screw your bait onto it and through belly for ease.

Most of the time swimbait hooks are weighted but there are some versions that are not. A much easier way to rig your swimbaits is with a simple jig head, which is not suggested by most due to the fact that you WILL get snagged on everything in the water.

Anglers rave about these ones!


Plug Lures

(Bass, Crappie, Perch, Muskellunge, Murray Cod, Pike, Striper)

Sale

Classic plugs float on the surface or suspend in the water, but will dive under the surface of the water and swim with a side-to-side wobbling movement (hence the alternative name wobbler) upon retrieval, which usually consists of slow to medium fast reel in.

This makes the bait seen like a real fish which attracts predatory fish such as bass and pike.

Plugs can also be designed to hover (neutral buoyancy), sink slowly, or sink rapidly. Some have a small metal ball inside to “rattle” when retrieved.

Each plug has its own action or has none unless you give it one. Wood plugs usually range from between 3/4 oz. and 4 oz. The different plugs come in a few basic categories.

There are surface swimmers, subsurface swimmers, needlefish, poppers, pencil poppers, and darters. they all have their own specific place and time to be fished.

Plugs range in size from around an inch (3 cm) to around 8 inches (20 cm). Plugs in the 2–3 inch (5–7 cm) size range are most commonly used.

However, As a general rule, large plugs are used for large fish and small plugs for small fish.

Fishermen casting for very small fish such as crappie will use very small plugs, and anglers fishing for large fish such as muskellunge or Murray cod will use extremely large plugs.

But trophy-sized fish are occasionally caught on very small plugs, and fingerling perch will sometimes strike — and hook themselves — on a plug as big as they are themselves.

Plug fishing is more common in freshwater fishing than saltwater fishing, but it is growing greatly upon East-Coast striper fishermen.

Most plugs have their “action” built into them by design, but good fishermen give signature to the plug’s action in many ways, such as varying the speed of the reel retrieve, occasionally “twitching” the rod tip during retrieve, or even letting the plug stop completely in the water, then resuming retrieve at a very high speed.

Plugs are often cast so they land next to places where fish may be hiding, such as a snag pile or an overhanging tree and worked back enticingly. A skilled fisherman can methodically explore many possible hiding places for fish by continually casting and retrieving a plug.

Theoretically, any plug design will catch fish (most anglers use them to catch bass) fish will, out of anger, hunger, territorial protection or simple curiosity, occasionally strike at any small object moving or falling through the water.

But some plugs have become famous for their high degree of effectiveness in the hands of a good fisherman, while others come and go from the market quickly when found to have limited success.


Crankbaits for Bass

(Bass)

Sale
6 Hard Baits Fishing Lures in One Tackle Box Deep Water Crankbait RealSkin Painting Hard Bait for Bass Fishing HC55KB
  • wLure - We Make Every Lure Special! Best Fishing...
  • Length: 4 inch, Body Length: 2 1/2 inch, Weight:...
  • Impressive Lifelike Patterns/Colors Powered by...

A crankbait is an ideal lure when an angler wants to explore various depths.

What allows the crankbait lures to dive at different depths, is the bill at the head of the lure. The bill size and shape dictates the amount of dive each crankbait has.

Late fall and early spring, when the bass are roaming shallow water, is the best time to use a square bill crankbait. This is a short bill crankbait that can be retrieved slowly through the still cool water and brush but still be retrieved at high speeds to deflect off of stumps and submerged trees, this mimics the flash pattern of prey fish.

It is recommended to fish crankbait lures on 20 – 25-pound test line, due to fishing these lures around submerged stumps and trees, friction on the line can create weak spots.

Water clarity plays a factor in which crankbait to throw. In murky water, a wide wobbling crankbait that is retrieved slow will usually produce the best result. While in clearer water, a thin-flat sided crankbait that produces a more tight wobble will usually work best.

The thin-flat-sided crankbait is also a good choice to produce a strike from prespawn bass when retrieved at high speeds when the water warms to 50 degrees or higher.

Crankbaits are not considered weedless however, the bill does aid in deflecting the lure from underwater objects that an ordinary diving lure may snag when retrieving.

Make sure you get a pack of crankbaits so you can see which work in your waters!


Spoon Lures

(These work well with most fish species)

Sale
Acme Kastmaster Lure, Chrome/Neon Blue, 1-Ounce
  • Field tested by expert anglers
  • Made to last
  • Built using the highest quality materials

A spoon lure, in sport fishing, is an oblong, usually concave lure, usually made of metal or a shell, shaped like the bowl of a spoon.

The spoon lure is mainly used to attract fish by reflecting light and moving randomly.

Fish use their lateral line system to follow movement in the water produced by the vibrations of fleeing prey. When the spoon catches light and spins in the water, this looks to the fish like fleeing prey, and will usually produce a strike.

names of fishing lures for topwater fishing
When you collect a bunch of lures, come up with a creative way to display them!

The action of a spoon is based on its shape and thickness. A long spoon will display a wider side to side wobble than a shorter spoon. A deep concave spoon will also produce a wider wobble than a flatter spoon.

Thin spoons used for trolling have an erratic wobble compared to thick spoons but thick spoons have advantages as well, the extra weight casts better, sinks faster and will run deeper than thinner spoons.

When casting or trolling a spoon the speed is critical for success, if fished too slow or too fast the spoon will not wobble properly, you should experiment to find the precise speed for each spoon to perform its best.

When casting a spoon, anglers will cast 10 to 20 feet beyond the area they believe the fish are and retrieve through the strike zone.

For flatline trolling from behind a boat the speed and amount of line out should be the main consideration, as well as in using depth control rigging such as downriggers and dipsy divers.

You can never go wrong with Acme Kastmasters!


Best Fishing Lures No One Talks About

As an angler, sometimes it’s nice to try something out of the ordinary. Here are some lures that we’ve found that are under the radar and worth taking a look at if you want to spice up your tackle box.

Rooster Tail Lures

These lures have feathers covering the hook that resemble a rooster’s tail. These are effective for catching bass and are common in most angler’s tackle gear.

They come with a spinner attached to the front that rotates when you reel in quickly and attracts the fish with the shine and movement.

Here’s a good one worth trying:

Yakima Bait Wordens Original Rooster Tail Spinner Lure, Brown Trout, 1/16-Ounce
  • Unique Spinning Action
  • In-Line Weighted Body Design
  • Pulsating Hackle Tail Attracts Fish


Phoebe Lures

These lures are made by Acme and look like a spoon that’s been cut out to look like a fish. These have a 3D profile and they rotate through the water when you reel them in.

They have a cool three-dimensional illusion when you pull fast enough.

These work well on small trout, perch, crappie, or whatever other small minnow-eating panfish you’re targeting.

Acme S302/G S302-G Phoebe Spoon, 1/8-Ounce, Gold
  • An American original
  • Three dimensional illusion
  • Looks like a fat full-bodied baitfish


Dardevle Spoons

These Dardevle spoons are highly regarded and some might say they are the number one lure to bring with you on the lake. They are a great all-around fishing lure!

This spoon will help you catch walleye, pike, musky, and pretty much anything else that’s hungry in the water.

The wobble and flash that this produces when getting dragged through the water is top notch!

Eppinger 116 Dardevle, Red/White, 3/4-ounce
  • Color: Red/White.
  • Weight: 3/4 oz.
  • Great for game fish like bass, walleye, muskee and...


Hula Poppers

Do you know why they call it a popper? It’s because when you drag them through the water they actually make a popping noise that will attract fish!

This is a must for all freshwater game fish. If you’re into topwater fishing, then this is your topwater lure! Tried and true for over 60 years.

This lure is great using a double loop knot and eight to 10-pound test fishing line. Cast it out far and take your time pulling it back in…you’ll know when you get the bite!

Arbogast Hula Popper - Bass - Black/Chartreuse Skirt - 1 3/4"
  • History lives behind Hula Popper topwater lure...
  • Deadly when popped over submerged timber weeds or...
  • Hula Popper noise wakes up any fish within hearing...


In Summary

The creation of the original fishing lure can be dated back to the 1890s when James Heddon created the first known wooden lure, that would go into production for commercial sale.

This lure was highly successful and paved the may for the lures we are familiar with today.

Now, with thousands of lures and lure combinations, there is sure to be a lure that will work for you.

In this guide we show you the 8 common names of fishing lures available for you to catch more fish. If you don't have at least one of these in your arsenal, that means you're leaving fish on the table. #fishinglures #crankbait #spoons
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